Building a house is one of the most important moments in a person’s life. Whether it’s a new house or an extension to an existing one, it’s vital to consider digging for foundations. Foundation excavations are the first step towards quality and durable construction.
In this article, we will discuss digging the foundations of your house in Corbeanca, Ilfov. We will provide you with important tips and information to ensure you choose the best foundation for your needs.
Here are the most important things you need to know about digging your home’s foundations.
What are foundation excavations and why are they important?
Foundation excavation is the process of making the pits in which the foundations will be laid. These pits must be of adequate size and depth to support the weight of the house and prevent soil and water problems.
Foundation excavations are important because they are the first step towards a solid and quality construction. A well-built foundation can prevent problems with the structure of the house, such as cracking walls or damage to the foundation.
How are the foundations dug?
Foundation excavation is a complex process that requires experience and solid knowledge in the field. In general, excavations are carried out using special machinery such as bulldozers, backhoes and front loaders.
Before digging begins, several factors must be considered, such as soil type, house size, foundation depth and the presence of groundwater. These aspects are important to ensure correct and safe digging.
What types of foundations are there?
Depending on the type of soil and the size of the house, there are several types of foundations available, including:
- Continuous foundations
- Insulated foundations
- Pillar foundations
- Foundations on the floor
Each type of foundation has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to talk to specialists before making a decision.
How to determine the size of the foundation excavation?
The size of the foundation excavation depends on several factors, such as the type of soil, the weight and size of the house, and the depth of groundwater.
Typically, the foundation excavation should be at least 20-30 centimetres larger than the size of the foundation in all directions. This additional space allows for the installation of reinforcement and drainage systems, as well as facilitating access for repairs.
How to prevent water problems during foundation excavations?
Water can be a major problem during foundation excavations as it can affect the stability of the excavations and the foundation. To prevent water problems, the following measures can be taken:
- A water pump can be used to extract water from the hole.
- A waterproof material, such as membranes or bituminous materials, can be used to prevent water from seeping into the excavation and foundation.
- A drainage system can be constructed to prevent water from accumulating in the excavation area.
What do you need to know about installing reinforcement in the foundation excavation?
Reinforcements are important elements in the foundation excavation, as they ensure greater strength and durability. In general, reinforcement is installed before the concrete is poured for the foundation.
In order to install the reinforcement correctly, the dimensions and position of the reinforcement and the type of reinforcement used must be taken into account. Usually, the reinforcements should be placed at a suitable distance from each other to ensure an even distribution of the house weight.
What do you need to know about hardening foundation excavations?
Hardening of foundation excavations may be necessary in certain cases, such as unstable soil or the presence of groundwater. In general, the reinforcement of excavations is done by using special methods, such as injecting concrete or installing metal panels.
It is important to talk to specialists to determine if foundation trenching is necessary and what is the best method of hardening for your needs.
What to do after the foundation excavations are completed?
After completing the foundation excavations, it is important to check that everything has been done correctly.Make sure that the excavation is dry and stable. Before proceeding with the next steps of construction, it is important to be sure that the excavation and foundation are solid and ready for the next stage.
It is also important to consider the drainage system and ensure that it is working properly to prevent water problems in the future.
In addition, it is advisable to keep records of all work carried out and materials used, for later use in case of repairs or modifications.
- How long does it take to dig foundations? The time required for foundation excavations depends on several factors, such as the size of the house, the type of soil and the depth of groundwater. Typically, foundation excavations can take between a few days and a few weeks.
- Is a permit required for foundation excavations? Yes, a permit is required for foundation excavations. Before starting any construction work, it is important to obtain all necessary permits from the competent authorities.
- What should I do if there are problems with the foundations? If problems occur with foundation excavations, it is important to contact specialists immediately to assess the situation and take the necessary steps to prevent damage to the excavations and foundation.
Foundation excavations are an important step in the construction of a house, as they ensure the stability and durability of the foundation. It is important to take into account all the necessary aspects in order to carry out the excavations correctly and to prevent water or other problems.
It is recommended that you work with experienced specialists in the field to ensure that excavations and foundations are done correctly. To prevent problems in the future. It is also important to respect all building rules and regulations. To obtain the necessary authorisations and to ensure the safety and quality of the work. The JCB 3CX backhoe loader also copes well with digging the foundation of your house.